- Chats in Morropon
- Chats in Province of Ayabaca
- Chats in Province of Huancabamba
- Chats in Province of Paita
- Chats in Province of Piura
- Chats in Province of Sullana
- Chats in Province of Talara
- Chats in Sechura
Piura is one of the twenty-four departments that, together with the Province of Callao, form the Republic of Peru. Its capital and most populated city is the homonymous Piura. It is located in the northwest of the country, bounded on the north by Tumbes and Ecuador, on the east by Cajamarca, on the south by Lambayeque and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. With 1 858 617 inhabitants in 2017 it is the second most populated department -only preceded by the department of Lima- and with a population density of 46.7 inhabitants / km², the fourth most densely populated, behind Lima, Lambayeque and La Libertad. It was created politically on March 30,1861.
It comprises a wide expanse of land in its greatest extent - Costa - and a less extensive mountainous region in the eastern part of the department - Sierra -. The rivers Quiroz Piura and Chira flow from the mountainous area, irrigating the exceptional cultivated areas of the coastal plain, where the dry equatorial forest and the Peruvian desert extend. Between the years 100 a. C. And 400 of our era was developed in the lower valley of the Piura River Vicús culture, linked to the previous Chavín culture. Later the area was incorporated to the influence of the Moche culture. Towards the XV century the talán people inhabited the coastal zone while the guayacundos and bracamoros occupied the region of Ayabaca and Huancabamba. During the Colony, it was in this territory that mestizo expressions emerged as the tondero.
Later in the republican era it was the origin of Miguel Grau Seminario, the most famous Peruvian hero. Petroleum and phosphates are extracted in the northwestern zone. Two prominent military figures were born in Piura and were president of Peru: Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro and Juan Velasco Alvarado.