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Zacatecas, officially called Free State and Sovereign of Zacatecas is one of the thirty-one states that, together with Mexico City, form the United Mexican States. It was founded on December 23,1588. Its capital and most populated city is the homonymous Zacatecas. It is located in the central region of the country, bordering the north with Coahuila, northeast with Nuevo León, east with San Luis Potosí, south with Guanajuato, Jalisco and Aguascalientes, southwest with Nayarit and west with Durango. With 75,539 km² it is the eighth largest state, with 1,579,209 inhabitants. In 2015, the eighth least populated and with 19.73 inhabitants / km² and the sixth least densely populated. It is divided into 58 municipalities. The capital is the homonymous city, Zacatecas.

This city holds the titles of The Very Noble and Loyal City of Our Lady of the Zacatecas, granted by King Felipe II of Spain on June 20,1588 in San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Madrid. The Coat of Arms, emblem in which the hill of La Bufa was included. This city was important for colonization, since it was an important point on the route to the northern territories of New Spain, its main economic activities are mining, agriculture and tourism. It is known for its large deposits of silver and other minerals, its colonial architecture and its importance during the Mexican Revolution. Among its most important towns are Jerez de García Salinas, Fresnillo de González Echeverría, Rio Grande, Guadalupe, Sombrerete and Nochistlán.