Saltillo is the most populous city and capital of the state of Coahuila de Zaragoza, Mexico. It is part of the Northern Region of Mexico. It has a population of 985,229 inhabitants, which makes it the seventeenth most populated city in Mexico and in its metropolitan area with the neighboring cities of Ramos Arizpe and Arteaga has 1,115,636 inhabitants, being as a whole the 20th largest metropolis in the country. Country. It has an area of 6,837 km² and is located in the Northeast region of Mexico and in the southeast region of Coahuila, it is surrounded by high mountains of the eastern mother mountain range and is located 400 km south of the border with Texas, United and 842 km from Mexico City.
Saltillo has had a very important role in the history of Mexico, in 1811, in full fervor of the Independence, the insurgents occupied Saltillo to go towards Parras and Monclova, in that same year, Allende and Hidalgo arrived at the Villa in retreat towards States Unidos, Hidalgo appointed Ignacio Lopez Rayón and José María Liceaga as leaders of the movement, and in 1847 the armies of Mexico and the United States fought near the capital, at the Battle of La Angostura. Another important moment in history is that in 1864 Benito Juarez established his government in that city. It also had a great importance in the postrevolutionary life of Mexico, where moments of vital importance for the nascent democracy of the country were lived, because the Constitution was decreed and the city was occupied by a revolutionary faction. The municipality rose up in arms against the government of Porfirio Díaz and it was a municipality where there were a lot of important revolutionaries besides it was host to meetings between armies such as the Huerta and the Carranza.