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Tlaxcala is one of the 60 municipalities that make up the territorial division, the political and administrative organization of the State of Tlaxcala. The demographic indications of the city of Tlaxcala make it the most populated, largest and fastest growing municipality in the state of Tlaxcala, this demographic trend will continue in the coming decades. In the year of 2018 it became the first municipality to reach 100 000. The maximum authority of government is the Cabildo or City Council which is a collegiate body or board of government that is composed of representatives of the community. Municipal council previously elected by suffrage.
The mandate is renewed every three years because the integration of its authorities prevails the republican principle of the exercise of the direct democratic vote and the necessary change of agents. In Mexico, the municipality constitutes a form of ancient organization that predates that of the States since the municipal institutions were the legal instrument to organize the new Spanish towns and villages of the newly conquered continent, this organization continued during the Colony and the Independent Mexico. The municipality is supported by Article 115 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States where it states that the free municipality is the basis of the territorial division and organization of the states that make up the Mexican Federation. The institution of the free municipality is the result of the armed struggle known as the Mexican Revolution since municipal freedom and autonomy were a dead letter at the end of the 19th century.
The conurbated zone of the city of Tlaxcala was officially decreed in 1992 and for the year of 2004 the State Program of Territorial Organization included it in the Center-South region. The conurbation of 10 municipalities make up a single urban area with homogeneous characteristics where most of the main economic activities in the state of Tlaxcala are concentrated, including manufacturing, commercial activities and non-financial services. Horizontal that has caused a process of conurbation with semi-rural municipalities of very low population density forming a physical-spatial, cultural and urban entity of a regional nature that includes, even, the urban agglomeration of Puebla The population of the conurbation of the city It is just over 340,000 inhabitants.
The Municipality of Tlaxcala has 12 localities and 7 delegations, the towns with the largest population are Ocotlán and Tlaxcala center which is the municipal capital besides being the capital of Tlaxcala, the official logo of the municipal government symbolizes the word Tlaxcala consisting of two hills from which two hands emerge making tortillas. Its historic center has origins since the Mesoamerican Postclassic Period and is part of the nation's built historic heritage.