Álamos is a Mexican town located in the southeast of the state of Sonora. The population is the head and the most inhabited locality of the municipality of Álamos. The population is surrounded by the Sierra de Álamos-Cuchujaqui River Flora and Fauna Protection Area. According to data from the Population and Housing Census conducted in 2010 by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography, it has a total population of 9,345 inhabitants. It is also known as: "The City of Portals".
It was founded at the end of the 17th century when a silver mine was discovered in that region, by the then governor of Sonora and Sinaloa, Domingo Terán de los Ríos.Álamos was one of the first towns with the title of city of the former State of the West, and was capital of this from 1827 to 1830. It was also one of the most important and wealthy towns in the northwest of the country in the 17th century for its social and political value, giving rise to important movements of weapons, such as the battle of Álamos in 1865, and the civil battle of 1866. It is located 650.5 km from the border city of Heróica Nogales, 371.7 km from Hermosillo the state capital and 211.6 km from El Fuerte in the state of Sinaloa. Alamos is currently the main historical attraction of Sonora, since it is a town with pure colonial architecture, so in the year of 2005 it was declared with the title of "Magical Town" by the Secretariat of Tourism of Mexico.
Since 2001 it has been on the tentative list to be named "World Heritage of Humanity" by Unesco, highlighting "its 18th century vernacular colonial architecture and the harmonious integration of 19th century buildings." The city has conserved a great deal a uniform appearance.".