Yaxe Magdalena is a city and municipality in Oaxaca in southern-western Mexico. It is part of the Ocotlán District in the southern Valles Centrales Region. The name Yaxe means "Green corn" in the Zapotec language. The municipality covers an area of 65.07 km² at an altitude of 1,500 meters above sea level. The climate is mild or cool. The earth is thin, of volcanic origin. The landscape similar to that found in San Baltazar Chichicapam, diverse but dominated by semi-desert landscapes. Flora and fauna are increasingly scarce due to settlers' depredations. On the hills there are some rabbits, opossums and skunks, and occasional coyotes. There are several species of wild birds that include pigeons, hawks, mockingbirds and hummingbird.
It is common to find rattlesnakes, coral snakes and some iguanas in the lower parts. As of 2005, the municipality had 502 households with a total population of 2,442 of whom seven spoke an indigenous language. The population is declining due to migration to other parts of the country and the United States of America. It typically houses dirt or cement floors, adobe or red brick and sheet metal walls, tile or concrete slab ceilings. Agriculture is one of the most important activities in the municipality, growing corn, beans and fruits. The dominant economic activity is the mining industry, exploiting deposits of silver and advantage.