Tepetlaoxtoc de Hidalgo, better known as Villa de Tepetlaoxtoc de Hidalgo, is located in the state of Mexico, is the head of the municipality of Tepetlaoxtoc. It is territorially conformed by four demarcations: the first one that begins to the west of Fray Domingo de Betanzos street and includes the colony La Era and the neighborhood of La Columna. The second demarcation that begins east of calle Fray Domingo de Betanzos and includes the Calvario neighborhood. The Third demarcation is made up of the neighborhoods of La Santísima and San Vicente, and finally the fourth demarcation includes the neighborhood of La Asunciòn Cuahtepoztla. Elevation of the Head to Villa de Tepetlaoxtoc de Hidalgo.
Taking into account its importance and historical, political tradition and its population number, on April 23,1877 the head of Villa de Tepetlaoxtoc de Hidalgo was raised, being Mayor Onofre Sánchez. Villa is a political category that is given a location greater than a town and less than a city. The document of the elevation to the town found in the following source is published: The Collection of Decrees issued by the Constitutional Congress and by the Executive of the Free State and Sovereign of Mexico in the period March 14,1877 to February 28,1879, Toluca 1879, Typography of the Literary Institute. Located in the Historical Archive of the State of Mexico, CE348 7252 M49 1877 - 1879, p.11. Literal paleographic version: "Decree by which the town of Tepetlaoxtoc rises to Villa de Tepetlaoxtoc de Hidalgo." C. GENERAL JUAN N.
MIRAFUENTES, Constitutional Governor of the Free and Sovereign State of Mexico decrees the following: Sole article: The town of Tepetlaoxtoc, belonging to the District of Texcoco, belonging to the District of Texcoco, will be hereinafter referred to as "Villa de Tepetlaoxtoc de Hidalgo." The Governor of the State will have understood it, making it print, publish, circulate and execute. Of April of one thousand eight hundred and seventy seven JM Beltrán deputy vice-president.- Manuel Ticó, deputy secretary.- Pascual Lebrija, Deputy Substitute Deputy, Therefore, I command you to observe, print, publish and circulate to those who take care of your execution, Toluca, April 23,1877. Juan N. Mirafuentes.- José Zubieta, Secretary General ". In 1977 the Centenary of the Elevation of the head to town was celebrated. It should be clarified that the name of the municipality is only Tepetlaoxtoc as it is consigned in the Municipal Organic Law, of the State of Mexico in its sixth article and its head office of the city council is the Villa de Tepetlaoxtoc de Hidalgo.
The Municipal Organic Law of the State of Mexico states that there are the following political categories with their respective characteristics: Political category Characteristics 1. City More than fifteen thousand inhabitants 2. Villa Localities between five thousand and fifteen thousand inhabitants 3. Town Localities between one thousand and five thousand inhabitants.4. Ranchería Between 500 and a thousand inhabitants.5. Caserío Towns up to 500 inhabitants. Source: Municipal Organic Law, Art.9. The Population of the Cabecera Villa de Tepetlaoxtoc de Hidalgo, in the year 2000 was of 5,265 inhabitants. Source: INEGI, SCINCE. Starting from the postulates of the Municipal Organic Law and the statistical data of the INEGI, which established that in the year 2000, in the town of Villa de Tepetlaoxtoc de Hidalgo there were 5,265 inhabitants, therefore it remains in the political category of town.
Art.10 The localities can officially be elevated to the category of city by declaration of the Legislature to promotion of the City Council. However, as has been seen, the requirement of the number of inhabitants to be a city is still not met. The most popular religious festivities in the Villa de Tepetlaoxtoc de Hidalgo are on July 22nd, the date on which St. Mary Magdalene is honored and which is in the Parish and on January 20, venerating Saint San Sebastian Martyr. This last one of great tradition and concurred by neighboring communities who for approximately three weeks celebrate different traditions the inhabitants of the community, for example, the dancitas, the tlachiqueros, the serranos, the arrieros, among many others.