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Coacalco de Berriozábal is a city and municipality of the State of Mexico, federal entity of Mexico, integrated to the norponiente of the Metropolitan Zone of the Valley of Mexico. Its head is San Francisco Coacalco. It is located in the subprovince of lakes of Anahuac. According to the characteristics of its relief, it is part of the Sierra de Guadalupe and is the only mountainous body that is located in the municipality. Due to the fact that the municipal surface presents high slopes towards the southern part of the municipality, the intermediate zone between this zone and the López Portillo route represent the transition zone between the mountain and the lake part.

In general, these orographic conditions allow to appreciate a mountainous system in the southern part, with human settlements in the foot and the plain, which have been gaining ground to agricultural uses, thus consolidating the structure of human settlements in the municipality. The etymological roots of Coacalco are: coatl: "serpiente", calli: "casa" and co: "en", which means "In the House of the Serpent". The official name of the municipality is Coacalco de Berriozabal. In memory of General Felipe de Berriozabal his surname is added, who, being Governor of the State of Mexico, signs the decree by which Coacalco becomes a municipality on February 12,1862.