San Ramón is the number 2 canton of the province of Alajuela, in Costa Rica. It is located in the western section of the Central Valley of Costa Rica. It has an area of 1018.64 km² and is divided into 13 districts. Bordered north with San Carlos and Zarcero, south with San Mateo, east with Athens, Palmares and Naranjo, and west with Tilarán, Abangares, Montes de Oro, Puntarenas and Esparza. It was founded on August 21,1856. Its head is the city of San Ramón. According to the 2011 National Census, the population of the canton was 80,566 inhabitants, of which 6.9% were born abroad.
The same census highlights that there were 23,301 occupied dwellings, of which 66.7% were in good condition and there were problems of overcrowding in 3.4% of the dwellings.52.9% of its inhabitants lived in urban areas. Among other data, the literacy level of the canton is 97.5%, with an average schooling of 8.2 years. For the year 2012, it had a human development index of 0.738 according to the United Nations Development Program. The first district and the city of San Ramón is an important commercial center and the most important city of the high zone of the Central Valley outside the Great Metropolitan Area. It is located 42 kilometers from the Juan Santamaría International Airport and 54 kilometers from the Caldera port, which gives it strategic importance. It is the regional headquarters of many public entities, among them the West Headquarters of the University of Costa Rica and the Carlos Luis Valverde Vega Hospital.
The main agricultural crops are coffee and sugarcane. Among the commercial activities in the center of the city are clothing stores, shoe stores, jewelries, food sales, etc. The largest Catholic temple in the central district is dedicated to San Ramón Nonato. On the other hand, the canton has a Regional Museum with architectural characteristics of neoclassical influence, and the José Figueres Ferrer Historical and Cultural Center. Every year, on August 30, the eve of the celebration of the patron saint San Ramón Nonato, the Entrada de los Santos is celebrated, a centennial popular religious tradition that distinguishes the canton.
As part of the festivities, one of the most folkloric stops in Costa Rica, the traditional Boyeros Parade, is dedicated to all those cart guides who helped move the pieces from the port of Puntarenas and from the Athens railway terminal. Of the Church of the central district of San Ramón between 1926 and 1958. In the Ángeles district, there is the Alberto Manuel Brenes Biological Reserve. The canton poet as is known San Ramón, has two very important media in the Western area which are: Radio Sideral and Teleuno TV.