Juneau City and Borough
Juneau is the capital of the US state of Alaska. It is located on the Gastineau Canal, in the Alexander archipelago. Its total area is 8430.4 km² and with a population of 31,275 inhabitants according to the 2010 census, it is the third city in the state, preceded by Anchorage and Fairbanks. The area of Juneau is larger than that of Rhode Island and Delaware individually and almost as large as the two combined states. Between the months of May and September, the daily population of the city can increase by approximately 6,000 people due to cruise visits. Even so, Fairbanks is the second largest metropolitan area in the state, with more than 97,000 residents.
Juneau is named after the golden seeker Joe Juneau, although he was called Rockwell for a while and then Harrisburg. Juneau is located at sea level, with an average tide of 16 feet, at the foot of steep mountains from 3500 feet to 4000 feet in height. At the top of the mountain, there is the Juneau Ice Field, a large mass of ice from which about 30 glaciers flow. Two of them are the Mendenhall Glacier and the Lemon Creek Glacier.