Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland with about 600,000 inhabitants and the third largest city in the United Kingdom after London and Birmingham. The city forms one of the 32 Council Areas in Scotland and is located on the River Clyde. Glasgow had more than one million inhabitants in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In the Greater Glasgow and Clyde Area, there were 1,169,110 inhabitants. Glasgow is in contrast to the Scottish capital of Edinburgh as a "workers' city". Glasgow has a 12th-century cathedral and four universities, as well as the Glasgow School of Art and the Royal Conservatoire of Scotland. In 2018, Glasgow ranked 50th out of 231 cities in the world in terms of quality of life.