The Province of Luapula is one of the ten provinces of Zambia, located in the north of the country. Its capital is Mansa. Before it was known as Rio Luapula,. Luapula extends along the north and east banks of the river of the same name, from Bangweulu Lake to Lake Mweru, including the waters and the islands of those lakes. To the north it borders on Zaire, with which it has had disputes and armed conflicts, which makes it difficult to build bridges and roads. It is populated by Bemba-speakers, including the Lunda, Kabende, Aushi, Chishinga and Bemba. The biggest economy is fishing. In the 19th century the valley was controlled by the king of the Munda Kingdom of Mwata, Kazembe.