Nunavut is one of the three territories that, together with the ten provinces, make up the thirteen federal entities of Canada. Its capital is Iqaluit. It is located in the north of the country, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the northeast by Baffin Bay that separates it from Greenland, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and Hudson Bay, on the south by Manitoba, on the southwest by Saskatchewan and to the west with Northwest Territories. With 31 152 habs in 2008 it is the least populated entity, with 2,093,190 km², the most extensive, and with 0.01 hab / km², the least densely populated.
Nunavut separated from the Northwest Territories on April 1,1999, in accordance with the boundaries set in advance in 1993. These borders recognized the jurisdiction of Nunavut over almost all the Arctic Islands of Canada, as well as over the central coastal area of Canada. Over the Arctic Ocean and all the islands of Hudson Bay. Since 1976, a longing for the Inuit people to achieve greater autonomy for the territory began to be noticed. Following the recommendation made by the Royal Commission of Canada on the advisability of granting greater autonomy to the aboriginal peoples of Canada, it arrived effectively in mid-1999. Its inhabitants - called Nunavutensinos - are spread over almost thirty years. Villages or smaller populations. One of them is Iqaluit, the capital, located on the island of Baffin, formerly called Frobisher Bay.