Jinotega is a department of Nicaragua. It is located in the central region, in the north of the country, on the border with Honduras. Its departmental head is the city of Jinotega. The Department of Jinotega has a population of 452,973 inhabitants in 2017 and an area of 9,222.40 km². It is one of the 15 most extensive departments in the country and was founded on October 15,1891. The city of Jinotega or "de las Brumas" has an urban population of 53,265 inhabitants in the year 2017. It is located in a valley at an altitude from 1,003.87 masl with cool weather at an average temperature of 25°C at a distance of 142 km from Managua. Source: National Institute for Development Information - Nicaragua.
Statistical Yearbook 2016 - 18. The Department presents high reliefs that are part of the Isabelia range and its foothills. Towards the West is the Yalí knot. The highest point is the Kilambé other elevations are: El Cuspire, Peñas Blancas, Chimborazo, El Diablo, El Bote, Tasúa, Kininowas, Ucapina, Baba. In what refers to intramontane valleys are Pantasma, Jinotega, Cuá, Iyás and Apanás, the latter was flooded and converted into an artificial lake by the Tuma river reservoir. Most of the territory is located within the Coco River basin, with the Coco, Yalí, Montecristo, Pantasma, Chachagua, Gusanera, Wamblan, Bocay, Wina and Amaka rivers.
The climate of Jinotega is varied determined by the elevations and the orientation of its mountainous areas, being the driest zone La Concordia with 1300 mm of precipitation and the region of the reserve of Bosawás the most humid one with 2500 mm of annual precipitation. On the other hand, the temperature in general is temperate down to 20 degrees Celsius in Jinotega and up to 14 degrees Celsius in the Peñas Blancas massif. The vegetation is diverse, pine and oak woods are frequent and in the highest peaks the vegetation is nebliselva. Further north, along the Coco River, the vegetation is more humid tropic.