Caaguazú is one of the seventeen departments that, together with Asunción, Distrito Capital, form the Republic of Paraguay. Its capital is the city of Coronel Oviedo and the city of Caaguazú is the most populated. Located in the center of the eastern region of the country, bounded on the north by San Pedro and Canindeyú, on the south by Guairá and on the west by Cordillera. With 545 904 habs. In 2012 it is the fourth most populated department -behind Central, Alto Paraná and Itapúa- and with 57.48 inhabitants / km², the fifth most densely populated, behind Central, Cordillera, Alto Paraná and Guairá.