Jalpa is a Mexican municipality located to the south of the state of Zacatecas and has a territorial extension of 733 km2. The name comes from Nahuatl and means "in the sand" or "place on sand". It borders to the north with the municipality of Huanusco, to the south with Nochistlán and Apozol, to the east with Huanusco and Calvillo, to the west with Tepechitlán and Tlaltenango. The name "Jalpa" comes from Nahuatl Xalli, although in colonial times it was known as "Santiago de Xalpa", since Mexico's War of Independence was changed to "Jalpa mineral" or "Jalpa mineral" by mines that were in this municipality, when becoming municipality it was denominated simply "municipality of Jalpa".
Jalpa has a territorial extension of 733 km² and a percentage of 0.97% of the surface of the state of Zacatecas.