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Bocoyna is a town in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, located in one of the highest areas of the Sierra Madre Occidental known locally as the Sierra Tarahumara. It is the head of the municipality of Bocoyna, however in number of inhabitants is the fourth population, being surpassed by the populations of San Juanito, Creel and Sisoguichi. Bocoyna is located at coordinates 27°50'25 "N 107°35'21" W and at an altitude of 2,240 meters above sea level, which makes it one of the populations located at the highest altitude in the state of Chihuahua, according to the Population and Housing 2005 of INEGI, has a total population of 735 inhabitants, of which 349 are men and 386 women.

The population of Bocoyna was founded in 1702 by missionaries of the Society of Jesus, who enhanced their missionary work throughout the region of the mountain range and gave it the name of Mission of Our Lady of Guadalupe de Bocoyna, taking this last name of the stream near which the population was settled, depending on the nearby mission of Sisoguichi, one of the main Jesuit centers of the region. Politically it also depended on Sisoguichi to be designated as municipal seat until the year of 1886 when that municipality was abolished and became part of the Municipality of Carichí, finally on November 20,1911 a decree of the governor of Chihuahua Abraham González converted it in the municipal seat, giving the new municipality the name of Municipality of Bocoyna.

Currently Bocoyna is a small town, located next to the road that connects it with San Juanito and Creel, being located approximately half of the distance from both populations, its main activity derives from being the seat of the municipal government, although its economic importance and population is lower than that of the largest populations of the municipality, also dedicated to tourism and economic activities such as forestry.