Barinas is one of the twenty-three states that, together with the Capital District and the Federal Dependencies, form the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Its capital is the city of the same name, Barinas. It is located to the west of the country, in the regions of the Llanos and a small portion in the Andes. It limits to the north with Merida, Trujillo, Portuguesa and Cojedes, to the east with Guárico, to the south with Apure and to the west with Táchira.
With 35,200 km² it is the eighth largest state -behind Bolívar, Amazonas, Apure, Guárico, Zulia, Anzoátegui State and Delta Amacuro- and with 23.2 inhabitants / km², the seventh least densely populated, ahead of Cojedes, Guárico, Bolívar, Apure, Delta Amacuro and Amazonas, the least densely populated. It has 12 autonomous municipalities and 52 civil parishes. Its main cities are: Barinas, Socopó, Ciudad Bolivia, Barinitas and Sabaneta.