Trujillo is one of the twenty-three states that, together with the Capital District and the Federal Dependencies, form the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Its capital is the homonymous Trujillo and its most populated city, Valera. It is located in the west of the country, in the Andes region. It borders on the north with Zulia and Lara, on the east with Portuguesa, on the south with Barinas, on the southwest with Mérida and on the west with Lake Maracaibo. With 7,400 km² it is the sixth least extensive state - ahead of Yaracuy, Aragua, Carabobo, Vargas and Nueva Esparta, the least extensive - and with 945 921 inhabitants.
In 2018, the eighth least populated, ahead of Yaracuy, Nueva Esparta, Apure, Vargas, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro and Amazonas, the least populated. It has 20 autonomous municipalities and 93 civil parishes. Its main cities are: Trujillo, Valera, Boconó, La Puerta and Pampán.