The Community of Madrid is an autonomous community of Spain located in the interior of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Central Plateau. It borders the provinces of Guadalajara, Cuenca, Toledo,Ávila and Segovia. The Community of Madrid is uniprovincial, so there is no deputation. Its capital, Madrid, is also the capital of Spain. The population amounts to 6,507,184 inhabitants and is concentrated mainly in the metropolitan area of Madrid. It is the third autonomous community in population and the most densely populated. It has a central position in the network of means of transport in Spain. In 2016, the GDP of Madrid represents 18.8% of the state GDP.
It also has a rich artistic and natural heritage, with three World Heritage Sites: the Monastery and Site of El Escorial, the University and the historic center of Alcalá de Henares, and finally, the Cultural Landscape of Aranjuez. The conformation of the current autonomous community was preceded by an intense political debate, in the preautonomic context of the late 1970s. The province was conventionally included in the region of Castilla la Nueva since the nineteenth century, along with the provinces of Cuenca, Guadalajara, Ciudad Real and Toledo. At first, the possibility was raised that the province formed part of an autonomy together with these provinces, now part of Castilla-La Mancha, although with a special status, given its special conditions to house the state's capital. In 1981, it was decided that the province of Madrid would not be included in a multi-provincial community and the creation of a uniprovincial autonomous community was agreed upon, and its Statute of Autonomy was approved in 1983.