The Region of Murcia is a Spanish uniprovincial autonomous community, located in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula, between Andalusia and the Valencian Community, and between the Mediterranean coast and Castilla-La Mancha. Its capital is the city of Murcia, which is the seat of regional institutional bodies, with the exception of the Regional Assembly, which has its headquarters in Cartagena, which is why it is called "legislative capital" in the preamble of Law 5 / 2005, although this denomination does not appear in the statute of autonomy. The total population of the Region of Murcia is 1,478,509 inhabitants, of which just under a third lives in the capital and half in the municipalities of Murcia, Cartagena and Lorca.
Community uniprovincial, is nonetheless 9ª of Spain in surface and 10ª in population ahead of Aragon or Asturias In its condition of province it is 7ª more populated of the 50 that has the country. The region is one of the largest producers of fruits, vegetables and flowers in Europe, with important vineyards in the municipalities of Jumilla, Bullas and Yecla, which produce wines with Denomination of Origin. It also has an important tourist sector, concentrated on a coast with numerous virgin spaces and that has the salty lagoon of the Mar Menor. Its industry stands out for the petro-chemical and energy sector and the food industry. The highest peak in the region is in the Revolcadores Massif, at 2,015 meters above sea level.
Of its ample patrimony, it is possible to emphasize the 72 rupestrian assemblies pertaining to the Rock art of the Mediterranean arc of the Iberian Peninsula declared Patrimony of the Humanity, like the Council of Good Men of the Orchard of Murcia, declared Intangible Cultural Heritage of the Humanity, In the same way as the Tamboradas de Moratalla and Mula, in the Region of Murcia there is the town of Caravaca de la Cruz, a place of reference for the cult of the Catholic Church because it has the privilege of celebrating the Jubilee Year in perpetuity. Every seven years around the Vera Cruz de Caravaca. Murcia is a historic region in the southeast of Spain, heir to the ancient Kingdom of Murcia, which has traditionally understood the provinces of Albacete and Murcia as a bi-provincial region During the Transition, Albacete went to the new Castilla-La Mancha, forming a uniprovincial autonomy of the Region of Murcia.