Ulan Bator romanized form of the Cyrillic Mongolian: / ˌuːlɑːn bɑːtər / and Mongolian script: Ulaγanbaγatur, lit. Red hero is the capital and most populous city of Mongolia. The city is an independent municipality and is not part of another province. Located in the north of the country, slightly to the east of the center of Mongolia, the city is located in the valley formed by the Bogdh Khan, Songino Khairkhan, Chingeltei and Bayanzurkh mountains and which is crossed by the Tuul River, at 1,350 meters of altitude.
It is the cultural, industrial and financial center of the country, as well as a transport hub connected by road with the largest cities of Mongolia and by the railway with the Transmongolian and the Chinese railway system. Ulan Bator was founded in 1639 as a center for Buddhist monasteries and, in the 20th century, it became a major manufacturing center characterized by its wide boulevards and squares and by its Soviet-style architecture of the mid-20th century. It is composed of a central district of Soviet style, surrounded and mixed with residential towers of concrete and yurts. It is the cheapest Asian capital for foreign workers.